Church of St. Nicholas

Church of St. Nicholas

The Church of St. Nicholas in Breg is the oldest still preserved church in the area of the Municipality of Žužemberk. It was built in the 13th century, in the Gothic style, and was later extended. On the western side, the oldest fresco from the 14th century has been preserved, depicting Christ’s miraculous walk on the Lake of Nazareth. The best-preserved frescoes from the mid-15th century, created by painter Janez Ljubljanski, make it one of the most important monuments of medieval painting in the Dolenjska region.

St. Nicholas is one of the most popular saints. Sailors, boatmen and rafters worship him as their patron saint. The first churches in his honour were erected by bodies of water. The Ljubljana Cathedral, which is dedicated to St. Nicholas, was initially the church of fishermen and boatmen from Ljubljana. In Slovenia, the largest number of churches, approximately 200, are dedicated to this popular saint.

In the 19th century, the celebration of Saint Nicholas spread to almost all Slovenian regions, i.e. the procession around Saint Nicholas with an entourage on the eve of “his” name day. On the evening of December 5, Saint Nicholas walks from house to house accompanied by angels and Krampuses and brings gifts to good kids, whereas the naughty ones get the whip. 

Primož Trubar, a Protestant priest and author of the first printed books in the Slovenian language, Catechism and Alphabet (1550), is said to have celebrated mass in this church.


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The website is co-financed from EU funds within the project Explore, taste and experience Suho Krajina through an interactive, connected and personal experience of natural and cultural heritage (SKIN).

The management authority tasked for implementation of the Rural Development programme of the Republic of Slovenia 2014-2020 is Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Food.


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